•Punishment is an action that is imposed on a person for breaking a rule showing improper conduct.
•Punishment aims to control behavior through negative means.
TYPES OF PUNISHMENT
•Punishment involving negative verbal reprimands and disapproval, this type of punishment is also known as negative discipline.
•Punishment involving severe physical or emotional pain, as in corporal punishment.
What these punishments do?
•Both forms of punishment focus on the misbehavior and may do little or nothing to help a child behave better in future.
•The children learn that the adult is superior and the use of force be it verbal, physical or emotional is acceptable, especially over younger or weaker persons.
•The child feels angry, resentful or fearful.
•It causes shame, guilt, anxiety, increased aggression, and lack of caring for others.
- Verbal punishment is a form of negative discipline.
- Use of short commands.
- Some teachers use negative discipline approaches instead of corporal punishment.
NEGATIVE STRATEGIES INCLUDE
•COMMANDS: “Sit down and be quiet” or “write 100 times”.
•FORBIDDING STATEMENTS: “Don’t do that”.
•EXPLOSIVE, ANGRY STATEMENTS: “You are in more trouble than you know”.
•CRITICIZING STATEMENTS: “Is that the best you can do?”
•THREATENING STATEMENTS: “If you don’t stop talking, I’ll send you to the principal’s office”.
•BELITTLING STATEMENTS: “When will you ever learn to write well?”
Emotional punishment is meant to humiliate the child and cause psychological pain.
•Ridiculing in public.
Corporal punishment is more visible.
•Punishing a child by making him/her stand, in or outside the class.
•Hitting the child.
•Pinching or pulling.
•Kicking, pushing or shaking.
BELIEFS FOR CORPORAL PUNISHMENT:
•Prevents children from getting into trouble.
•Teaches them right from wrong.
•Is different from, physical punishment.
The research show that corporal punishment does none of these and is in fact form of violent abuse against children.
(Durrant, Joan E. “Corporal Punishment Prevalence, Predictors & Implications for child Development”. In: Hart, Stuart N (ed.). Eliminating corporal punishment: The way Forward to Constructive child Discipline. Paris: UNSECO Publishing. 2005.).